What Is A Small Estate Affidavit?

Attorney Image By: James Filippi
What Is A Small Estate Affidavit? photo

What is a small estate affidavit? If you have been a reader of our blog for any period of time, you have likely learned that you want to take the steps necessary to avoid probate. Not just for the excessive cost and time, it takes to proceed through that process, but because of the hassle, it causes your family (see https://filippilaw.com/what-is-probate). However, you may be surprised to learn there are some little-known situations when your estate won’t need to go through this probate process.

First, we must mention that the best solution, and one we often suggest to our clients, is to have a revocable living trust created. If done and maintained properly, this all but guarantees your estate will avoid probate.

Absent you putting a revocable living trust in place, there are still a couple of situations when probate may not be necessary. The most obvious being that if your estate does not have any descendible assets (property able to be inherited) for your heirs. This can happen if you have done extensive estate planning, or if you have simply lived your best life during retirement and enjoyed every cent you saved.

There is also another time when probate may not be necessary. California has a little-known law that allows for the passing of estate assets without the supervision of the court in the probate process. California Probate Code Section 13100 allows for assets in an estate to transfer through the drafting and executing of a small estate affidavit. However, only some estates will qualify.

The most significant qualification to proceed under a small estate affidavit is that the total assets in the estate do not exceed $166,250. This amount is modified by the California Judicial Council every three years in proportion to fluctuations in the Consumer Price Index (CPI), an economic reading that identifies the rate of inflation in our economy.

The next question that needs to be answered is what is included in the sum of a person’s estate. California Probate Code Section 13050(a)(1) answers this question for us. It excludes property that was held in joint tenancy with another, was terminable at death, passed to a surviving spouse under certain circumstances, or was held in a revocable living trust. If you don’t know what any of this means, it’s okay, just give us a call and we can help!

So, if you have followed our advice, and have most of your assets in a revocable living trust, but forget to place a particular asset in the trust, a small estate affidavit is one potential solution to correcting this mistake. That is of course, as long as the total assets left out of the trust are less than $166,250 (or the subsequently adjusted amount) and all the other requirements of the small estate affidavit process are satisfied.

Some of those other qualifications include a requirement that the death has occurred at least 40 days prior, no probate proceeding has been or is being conducted, and of course, that the affiant (the person signing the affidavit) is the proper person to receive the property.

There are other requirements, including having proper identification and attaching a certified copy of the death certificate, but the biggest concern is ensuring you are properly proceeding under this small estate affidavit statute. By signing the affidavit, you are subjecting yourself to personal liability.

It is for this reason that we suggest you consult with a licensed probate attorney to assist you with this small estate affidavit process. While you can always go it alone, the nominal fee you pay to a probate attorney will be a small price for the peace of mind in knowing it was done properly and your risk of liability is reduced. 

We can assist you with the small estate affidavit process, so give us a call today and let us take that stress off your shoulders.

Filippi Law Firm, P.C., provides legal services in estate planning, probate, trust administration, trust litigation, and personal bankruptcy in the greater Sacramento area, with a focus in Rocklin, Roseville, Lincoln, and Granite Bay. Give us a call at (916) 333-7910 or fill out the contact form to get in touch with our office. Consultations are free, and they can be done over the phone, via Zoom, or in person at our office in Rocklin. Prepare for your future and work with the best estate planning attorneys today.

Satisfied Client Stories


We found the Filippi Law Firm in Yelp and we were so lucky to have found them. Both Jen and Jim were kind and patient, explaining the process and addressing our concerns with a cost we felt was appropriate for the quality of the work. At all times we felt supported in the process and it could not have gone better. If you need this kind of work do yourself a favor and reach out to these folks for help. You won’t regret it.

Ron G. | Sacramento, CA

Jenn helped us with a trust account for my parents. She is very polite and thorough at doing her job she answered every question. My parents had and made them feel very welcome there. If we ever had to use the office again, we would .

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My experience was perfect.

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Great firm!

Rod S. | California

Very detailed in redoing our trust. I would definitely refer my friends to them.

Peg H. | Citrus Heights, CA

I was referred to Filippi Law Firm from another client, who was very happy with their services. I very thankful for the guidance given, for my “Trustee Role” for my Uncle’s Estate. It went smoothly, from start to finish.

Lillian G. | Lincoln, CA

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